Legend and Future Horizon of Lean Concept and Technology

Hiroshi Katayama*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    The one of the bestselling business publications entitled “The Machine that Changed the World” stressed the distinctive feature of the way of management of Japanese car industry in terms of the name of lean management. It is well known world-wide that lean management was born in Japan but not quite well recognized on the origin. Essential concept could be formulated during Japanese turbulent period in 15th to 16th century, of which key point is fighting with an indomitable spirit, and is inherited to the concept of making unremitting efforts for business. Conceptual legends are perfect elimination of Muri (Strain), Mura (Variegate), Muda (Waste) on the Plan, Do, Check and Action Cycles (PDCA). This paper tries to figure out historical trend with remarkable milestone concepts of lean management and its future horizon. These includes white box vs. black box approaches, proactive vs. reactive operations and similarity-based model analysis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1093-1101
    Number of pages9
    JournalProcedia Manufacturing
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • Contradiction-driven
    • Kaizen (Continuous Improvement)
    • Management
    • TPM (Total Productive Maintenance and Management)
    • TPS (Toyota Production System)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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