Low Cost and Piezoelectric based Soft Wave Energy Harvester

Sina Baghbani Kordmahale, Jitae Do, Kuang An Chang, Jun Kameoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Wave energy converters have been developed and commercialized in past decades; they have now faced numerous challenges of large volume sizes, environmental hazards, and high costs of deployment, components and maintenance. To address these challenges and make a wave energy converter practically available for various applications at a reasonable cost, we have developed a soft wave energy harvester that integrated low-cost soft material structures and piezoelectric-based Macro Fiber Composite (MFC). This integrated soft wave energy converter has a straightforward fabrication process and structure that can harvest energy from a broad working frequency of waves. The innovative design combined low-cost and commercially available materials and formed a harvester that addressed the aforementioned problems of commercially available harvesters. Additionally, the low cost and simple design are scalable for large energy conversion in the future. The energy conversion performance of the proposed platform has been investigated in a wave flume with low-frequency incoming waves (<2Hz). The soft energy conversion platform is hung like a curtain and produces a maximum 487nW. Also, the low cost and durable encapsulation can protect the electrical properties of MFCs and circuits, and a single harvester can last through all experiment steps without any degradation, which was more than 170 hours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-895
Number of pages7
JournalMRS Advances
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D printing
  • energy generation
  • environmentally benign
  • piezoelectric
  • polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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