Low-frequency dispersion of ZnO/Bi2O3 ceramics analyzing by universal power law

Daomin Min*, Shengtao Li, Zhangbin Zhou, Guilai Yin, Jianying Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Recently, universal power law becomes widely used. In this paper, it was used to study the ZnO/Bi2O3 ceramics. Bi2O 3 is the only additive of ZnO here in order to directly study the effect of Bi2O3 in ZnO. ZnO samples with different content of Bi2O3 were made by the traditional ceramic technique. Then the microstructure of the acid erosion surface was observed by Polarized Optical Microscope, the dielectric properties of the samples, such as conductivity, permittivity and dielectric loss, were tested by Novocontrol Broadband-Frequency Dielectric Temperature Measuring Instrument, and the activation energy was calculated by Arrhenius relation. A strong Anomalous low-frequency dispersion phenomenon was found while investigating the dielectric properties of ZnO/Bi2O3 ceramics. The experimental results of the dielectric properties which are in the frequency range of 0.1Hz~107Hz and the temperature range of 173K~473K were systematically analyzed by universal power law. The results show that the conductivity loss is the main factor in the low frequency, while the dielectric loss is dominant in the high frequency. The higher the temperature, the more similarity of the AC I-V characteristic to the DC ones, which means that ω e can token the thermally simulated degree of electrons to the temperature, since the conductivity of the samples was generated mostly by thermally simulated electrons. The density ratio of zinc interstitials and oxygen vacancies decreased with the increase of Bi2O3 content fewer than 5wt%, and then it will be oxygen vacancies from 5wt % Bi2O3 content to 15wt% that dominated the dielectric properties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 IEEE 9th International Conference on the Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials, ICPADM 2009 - Harbin, China
Duration: 2009 Jul 192009 Jul 23


Other2009 IEEE 9th International Conference on the Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials, ICPADM 2009


  • Dielectric property
  • Low-frequency dispersion
  • Universal power law
  • Zno

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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