Low-intensity resistance training with slow movement and tonic force generation increases basal limb blood flow

Michiya Tanimoto*, Hiroshi Kawano, Yuko Gando, Kiyoshi Sanada, Kenta Yamamoto, Naokata Ishii, Izumi Tabata, Motohiko Miyachi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Metabolic syndrome is associated with reductions in basal limb blood flow. Resistance training increasing muscle mass and strength increases basal limb blood flow. Low-intensity resistance exercise with slow movement and tonic force generation (LST) has been proposed as one of the effective methods of resistance training increasing muscle mass and strength. The hypothesis that LST training increases basal femoral blood flow as well as traditional high-intensity resistance training at normal speed (HN) was examined. Thirty-six healthy young men without a history of regular resistance training were randomly assigned to the LST [∼55-60% one repetition maximum (1RM) load, 3 s lifting and 3 s lowering with no relaxation phase, n = 12], HN (∼85-90 hemodynamics; muscle hypertrophy; resistance exercise; ultrasonic; vascular resistance 1RM, 1 s lifting and 1 s lowering with 1 s relaxation, n = 12) or sedentary control (CON, n = 12) groups. Participants in the training groups underwent two whole-body training sessions per week for 13 weeks. Basal femoral blood flow increased significantly by +18% in LST and +35% in HN (both P <0.05), while there was no such change in CON. There were no significant differences between these increases induced by LST and HN, although the increase in LST corresponded to about half that in HN. In conclusion, not only resistance training in HN but in LST as well, were effective for increasing basal limb blood flow, and that this effect was evident even in healthy young men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Hemodynamics
  • Muscle hypertrophy
  • Resistance exercise
  • Ultrasonic
  • Vascular resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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