TY - JOUR

T1 - Matter density perturbations and effective gravitational constant in modified gravity models of dark energy

AU - Tsujikawa, Shinji

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2007/7/25

Y1 - 2007/7/25

N2 - We derive the equation of matter density perturbations on subhorizon scales for a general Lagrangian density f(R, ,X) that is a function of a Ricci scalar R, a scalar field , and a kinetic term X=-( )2/2. This is useful to constrain modified gravity dark energy models from observations of large-scale structure and weak lensing. We obtain the solutions for the matter perturbation δm as well as the gravitational potential Φ for some analytically solvable models. In an f(R) dark energy model with the Lagrangian density f(R)=αR1+m-Λ, the growth rates of perturbations exhibit notable differences from those in the standard Einstein gravity unless m is very close to 0. In scalar-tensor models with the Lagrangian density f=F( )R+2p( ,X), we relate the models with coupled dark energy scenarios in the Einstein frame and reproduce the equations of perturbations known in the current literature by making a conformal transformation. We also estimate the evolution of perturbations in both Jordan and Einstein frames when the energy fraction of dark energy is constant during the matter-dominated epoch.

AB - We derive the equation of matter density perturbations on subhorizon scales for a general Lagrangian density f(R, ,X) that is a function of a Ricci scalar R, a scalar field , and a kinetic term X=-( )2/2. This is useful to constrain modified gravity dark energy models from observations of large-scale structure and weak lensing. We obtain the solutions for the matter perturbation δm as well as the gravitational potential Φ for some analytically solvable models. In an f(R) dark energy model with the Lagrangian density f(R)=αR1+m-Λ, the growth rates of perturbations exhibit notable differences from those in the standard Einstein gravity unless m is very close to 0. In scalar-tensor models with the Lagrangian density f=F( )R+2p( ,X), we relate the models with coupled dark energy scenarios in the Einstein frame and reproduce the equations of perturbations known in the current literature by making a conformal transformation. We also estimate the evolution of perturbations in both Jordan and Einstein frames when the energy fraction of dark energy is constant during the matter-dominated epoch.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34547199916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34547199916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.023514

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.023514

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34547199916

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 76

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 2

M1 - 023514

ER -