Measurement of perceived stereoscopic sensation through disparity metrics and compositions

Satoshi Toyosawa, Takashi Kawai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Literatures use disparity as a principle measure evaluating discomfort, various artifacts, or movie production styles associated to stereoscopy, yet, statistics used to represent image or frame are often different. The current study examines 20 disparity statistics to find metrics that would best represent subjective stereoscopic sensation. Additionally, effect of disparity distribution pattern within an image is considered: Here, the patterns are categorised either single-peak or multiple-peak from the shape of disparity histogram. In the experiment, 14 stereoscopic images were presented to 15 subjects. Each subject evaluated perceived sense of distance and volume (3D space) through 7 points Likert scale. The result shows that the statistics that correlated significantly to the subjective sensation differed by the disparity compositions, hence, the metrics should be chosen accordingly. For the sense of distance, maximum, range, and the difference between 95th and 5th percentiles were found to be appropriate metrics under the single-peak, and minimum, contrast, and 5th percentile were representative under the multiple-peak. Similarly, for the sense of volume, range was found to be appropriate under the single-peak, but no metrics was found under the multiple-peak. The discrepancy is assumed due to different observation styles under differently composed images. We believe that the current study provides optimal disparity metrics for stereoscopic sensation measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE-IS and T Electronic Imaging - Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXV
ISBN (Print)9780819499288
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event25th Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, SD and A 2014 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2014 Feb 32014 Feb 5

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


Conference25th Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, SD and A 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • Stereoscopy
  • disparity
  • disparity composition
  • metrics
  • subjective sensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of perceived stereoscopic sensation through disparity metrics and compositions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this