Membrane free water electrolysis under 1.23 V with Ni 3 Se 4 /Ni anode in alkali and Pt cathode in acid

Sengeni Anantharaj, Kannimuthu Karthik, Thangavel S. Amarnath, Shubham Chatterjee, Elangovan Subhashini, Karukkampalyam C. Swaathini, Pitchiah E. Karthick, Subrata Kundu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen generation through water electrolysis is a promising way of storing excess energies obtained from intermittent sources. Many catalysts including have been evaluated for acidic or alkaline water electrolysers. Here, we propose the use of the Ni 3 Se 4 /Ni foam 3D electrode as anode for a membrane-free hybrid water electrolyser where the catholyte (0.5 M H 2 SO 4 ) and anolyte (1 M KOH) are separated by an acid and alkali stable silicate disc of diameter 1 cm and thickness 0.3 cm to achieve the combined benefit of splitting water below its reversible potential 1.23 V. We have realized the initiation of water splitting just with 0.62 V. Significantly, the benchmarking current density 10 mA cm −2 was achieved at a cell voltage of 1.12 V which is far below the reversible potential of water oxidation (1.23 V) with the cell Ni 3 Se 4 /Ni|1 M KOH||0.5 M H 2 SO 4 |Pt. The expected issue of salt formation can be easily overcome just by refilling the anode and cathode compartments with fresh electrolytes. This novel approach of underpotential splitting of water with a membrane-free acid-base hybrid electrolyser will certainly lead to several innovative achievements in the field of hydrogen generation through water electrolysis in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-792
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Hybrid electrolyser
  • Hydrogen production
  • Nickel selenide
  • Underpotential water splitting
  • Voltammetry
  • Water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


Dive into the research topics of 'Membrane free water electrolysis under 1.23 V with Ni 3 Se 4 /Ni anode in alkali and Pt cathode in acid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this