Microscopic observation of the spin-Singlet cluster in the frustrated spinel AlV2O4

Yasuhiro Shimizu*, Moe Tanaka, Masayuki Itoh, Takuro Katsufuji

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The spinel oxide AlV2O4 exhibits a structural phase transition from cubic to rhombohedral lattice at Tc 700 K, accompanied by V valence skipping. We have investigated the microscopic magnetic properties by the 51V and 27Al NMR measurements across Tc in a temperature range from 2 K to 850 K. The Knight shifts at the 51V and 27Al sites selectively monitor the local spin susceptibilities with different temperature dependence. We reveal that there are two V sites having a nonmagnetic ground state and a frustrated paramagnetic spin. The results are consistent with the spin-singlet heptamer formation consisting of seven vanadium atoms with 18 electrons. This transition uniquely releases the spin and charge frustration on the original V pyrochlore lattice with an aid of the orbital order and the structural distortion. The spin frustration is also highlighted in the anomalous magnetic correlations detected by the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate at the V and Al sites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042181
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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