Microstructure and Oxidation Performance of TiAl-(Cr, Nb, Ta) Coatings Fabricated by Warm Spray and High-Velocity Oxy-Fuel Spraying

Judyta Sienkiewicz*, Seiji Kuroda, Hideyuki Murakami, Hiroshi Araki, Maciej Giżyński, Krzysztof J. Kurzydłowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


To improve the oxidation resistance of near α-titanium alloy IMI834, TiAl-(Cr, Nb, Ta) coatings were deposited by applying high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) and warm spray (WS). Comparison was made in terms of microstructure, surface morphology as well as isothermal and cyclic oxidation behaviors in the air at 750 °C up to 100 h and 100 cycles, respectively. The results show that smoother and less oxidized coatings were deposited by warm spraying. The microstructure of all coatings underwent an appreciable change during the oxidation tests, as in as-sprayed state it occurred in the nonequilibrium state. It was revealed that a small difference in the initial oxidation between the two spraying processes as well as microstructure, the level of porosity and surface roughness significantly influences the oxidation kinetics of the sprayed coatings at high temperature, which should affect the service lifetime as an oxidation-resistant layer for potential applications. After exposure at 750 °C in air, rutile TiO2 was found in addition to α-Al2O3 in the oxide scale formed on the HVOF and warm sprayed coatings. However, isothermal and cyclic oxidation tests of all WS TiAl-(Cr, Nb, Ta) coatings showed improved oxidation resistance of IMI 834 as well as good adherence to the substrate alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-579
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 15
Externally publishedYes


  • coatings for engine components
  • high-temperature oxidation
  • interlayers
  • spray forming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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