Minute oscillation stretching: A novel modality for reducing musculo-tendinous stiffness and maintaining muscle strength

Naoki Ikeda, Takahisa Yonezu, Yasuo Kawakami*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A novel stretching modality was developed to provide repetitive small length changes to the plantar flexors undergoing passive stretch defined as "minute oscillation stretching" (MOS). This study investigated the effects of MOS on neuromuscular activity during force production, the rate of torque development (RTD), and the elastic properties of the plantar flexors and Achilles tendon. Ten healthy males participated in this study. The neuromuscular activity of the triceps surae and tibialis anterior muscles during maximal voluntary plantar flexion torque [MVT], RTD of plantar flexion, Achilles tendon stiffness, and muscle stiffness were measured before and after two types of interventions for a total of 5 minutes: static stretching (SS) and MOS at 15 Hz and without intervention (control). Achilles tendon stiffness was calculated from the tendon elongation measuring by ultrasonography. Muscle stiffness was determined for the medial gastrocnemius [MG] using shear wave elastography. The MVT, mean electromyographic amplitudes [mEMG] of MG and lateral gastrocnemius [LG], and RTD were significantly decreased following SS (MVT: −7.2 ± 7.9%; mEMG of MG: −8.7 ± 10.2%; mEMG of LG: −12.4 ± 10.5%; RTD: −6.6 ± 6.8%), but not after MOS. Achilles tendon stiffness significantly decreased after SS (−13.4 ± 12.3%) and MOS (−9.7 ± 11.5%), with no significant differences between them. Muscle stiffness significantly decreased in SS and MOS, with relative changes being significantly greater for MOS (−7.9 ± 8.3%) than SS (−2.3 ± 2.9%) interventions. All variables remained unchanged in the controls. In conclusion, MOS changed muscle-tendon compliance without loss of muscle function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-114
Number of pages11
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan


  • electromyography
  • muscle and tendon elasticity
  • rate of torque development
  • shear wave elastography
  • static stretching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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