We compute the non-Gaussianity of the curvature perturbation generated by ekpyrotic collapse with multiple fields. The transition from the multi-field scaling solution to a single-field dominated regime converts initial isocurvature field perturbations to an almost scale invariant comoving curvature perturbation. In the specific model of two fields, 1 and 2, with exponential potentials, -Viexp(-ci i), we calculate the bispectrum of the resulting curvature perturbation. We find that the non-Gaussianity is dominated by non-linear evolution on super-Hubble scales and hence is of the local form. The non-linear parameter of the curvature perturbation is given by fNL = 5c j 2/12, where cj is the exponent of the potential for the field which becomes subdominant at late times. Since c j 2 must be large, in order to generate an almost scale invariant spectrum, the non-Gaussianity is inevitably large. Thus, the model is strongly constrained by observational bounds on the spectral index and non-Gaussianity.
- Cosmological perturbation theory
- Cosmology with extra dimensions
- String theory and cosmology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy