Normally-Off Oxidized Si-Terminated (111) Diamond MOSFETs via ALD-Al2O3Gate Insulator With Drain Current Density Over 300 mA/mm

Yu Fu, Yuhao Chang, Xiaohua Zhu, Ruimin Xu, Yuehang Xu, Hiroshi Kawarada*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A novel method to fabricate the oxidized silicon-terminated (C-Si-O) diamond metal-oxide-semi- conductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) by replacing the retained SiO2 masks with an atomic layer deposition (ALD)-Al2O3 film as the main gate insulator was proposed for the first time. Compositional analysis across the SiO2 masks and on the air-exposed C-Si-O (111) diamond surface has been carried out by utilizing secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) techniques, respectively. Furthermore, we revealed that, under selectively epitaxial growth of diamond through a SiO2 mask, a carbon-rich film was formed on SiO2 and C-Si bonding was realized at the SiO2/(111) diamond interface. The fabricated device with a source and drain distance (LSD) of 3μm exhibits a distinct threshold voltage (VTH) of -5.6 V and a maximum drain current density (IDMAX) up to -311 mA/mm, which is a record value among normally-off single-crystalline diamond MOSFETs to date. In the case of having ALD-Al2O3 as the main gate insulator, normally-off operation of the C-Si-O diamond MOSFETs has a stark contrast with the typically normally-on performance of the hydrogen-terminated (C-H) diamond MOSFETs, which is mainly due to the smaller negative electron affinity of C-Si-O diamond compared with that of C-H diamond. These results indicate that the proposed C-Si-O (111) diamond MOSFETs with excellent normally-off operation and large drain current density are promising to fulfill the requirements of fail-safe and current drive capabilities in power device applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4144-4152
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug 1


  • Atomic layer deposition (ALD)-AlO
  • diamond
  • normally-off
  • silicon termination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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