Novel recycling process of Mn by sulfurization of molten slag from a by-product of steelmaking process

Sun Joong Kim, Hiroyuki Shibata*, Nobuhiro Maruoka, Shinya Kitamura, Katsunori Yamaguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a novel process to recycle Mn from steelmaking slag. The first step is to sulfurize the slag, producing a liquid sulfide phase (matte) without P. High-purity Fe-Mn alloys can then be made by desulfurizing the matte. However, to our knowledge, there have been no reports to date concerning the sulfurization of P and Mn contained in molten slag. Therefore, knowledge of the distribution of Fe, Mn and P between the matte and the molten slag is required to determine the feasibility of this process. In this study, the equilibrium distributions of Mn, Fe, Ca and P between a FeS-MnS matte and FeO-MnO-SiO 2-MgO-P 2O 5 slag with/without CaO are investigated under controlled partial pressures of oxygen and sulfur. It was found, as P is not present in the matte, that a separation of P from Mn was accomplished. The increament of (CaOCMgO)/SiO 2 in slag can improve the concentrations of Mn and Fe in the matte. The content of Ca in the matte was less than 2 mass%, even when the concentration ratio of CaO/SiO 2 in the slag was unity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-434
Number of pages10
JournalHigh Temperature Materials and Processes
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Activity coefficient
  • Distribution
  • FeS
  • Manganese
  • MnS
  • P
  • P
  • Phosphorus
  • Recycling
  • Separation
  • Steelmaking slag
  • Sulfurization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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