Nucleosynthesis in jets from a collapsar before the formation of a black hole

Shin Ichiro Fujimoto, Nobuya Nishimura, Masa Aki Hashimoto, Kei Kotake, Shoichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We have investigated nucleosynthesis inside the jets from a 35 M , low-metallicity collapsar before the formation of a black hole, based on a two-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the collapsar, taking into account neutrino interactions both on the MHD simulation and nucleosynthesis. We find that jets are ejected via the magnetic pressure, and that r-process operates in the jets even if the neutrino absorption is taken into account in the nucleosynthesis calculation. This is due to efficient electron captures in the high-density (∼ 1011 gcm-3) region near the rotational axis, fast ejection (> 0.2 in units of speed of light), and relatively low neutrino luminosity (< 5 × 10 52ergss-1). Chemical composition of the neutron-rich nuclei in jets from collapsars with different mass and rotation could be largely different from each other.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Science
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Event10th Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2008 - Mackinac Island, MI, United States
Duration: 2008 Jul 272008 Aug 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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