Numerical comfort simulator for evaluating thermal environment

Shin ichi Tanabe*, Yoshiichi Ozeki, Toru Takabayashi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A 65-node thermoregulation model was developed, based on the Stolwijk model. The model has 16 body segments corresponding to a thermal manikin, each consisting of four layers for the core, muscle, fat, and skin. The 65th node in the model is the central blood compartment, which exchanges convective heat with all other nodes via the blood flow. Convective and radiant heat transfer coefficients and clothing insulation were derived from thermal manikin experiments. A thermoregulation model combined with a radiation exchange model and Computational Fluid Dynamics is proposed. The comprehensive simulation method is described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalElsevier Ergonomics Book Series
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • CFD
  • Non-uniform
  • Radiation model
  • Thermal comfort
  • Thermoregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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