Numerical study on ultra-lean rotating counterflow twin premixed flame of hydrogen-air

Akane Uemichi*, Makihito Nishioka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Rotating counterflow twin premixed flame (RCTF) of hydrogen air was numerically simulated with detailed chemistry to explore the possibility of ultra-lean combustion. As a result, it was found that ultra-lean RCTF of equivalence ratio U = 0.052, which is far leaner than the generally-recognized flammability limit U = 0.10, is realized. It was also found that under ultra-lean conditions the flame temperature of RCTF largely exceeds the adiabatic flame temperature; e.g., at O = 0.06 the former is 1171 K, while the latter is 503 K. This increase of burned gas temperature is attributed to the so-called low Lewis number effect within the flammability limit, but under an ultra-lean condition some other mechanism to increase temperature is dominant. The 'pseudo local equivalence ratio' of burned gas of RCTF differs largely from that of the unburned gas due to the extraordinarily high concentration of H 2O. This suggests the possibility that the local condition at the reaction zone is much richer than the unburned gas, which brings about the large temperature increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1142
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Hydrogen-air flame
  • Lewis number effect
  • Rotating counterflow twin flame
  • Ultra-lean premixed flame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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