Optical fiber-based ZnS(Ag) detector for selectively detecting alpha particles

Seiichi Yamamoto*, Ichio Aoki, Tatsuya Higashi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In alpha radionuclide therapy, an optical fiber-based alpha particle detector is a new tool that could possibly be employed for the direct detection of alpha particles in subjects. Thus, in the present study, we developed an optical fiber-based alpha particle detector. The alpha particle detector was made of a 1mm diameter, 10 cm long plastic double clad optical fiber drilled a 0.7 mm diameter, 2 mm depth open space at the one end of the fiber. Silver-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS (Ag)) was painted inside this open space to form a ZnS(Ag) small scintillation chamber. To conduct performance comparisons, we also developed a fiber detector using the same fiber in which a Ce-doped Lu1.8Y0·2SiO5 (LYSO(Ce)) scintillator with dimensions of 0.32 mm × 0.5 mm × 5 mm was inserted. Both fiber detectors were wrapped in aluminized Mylar and optically coupled to a position sensitive photomultiplier tube, before calculating the two-dimensional distributions, energy, and pulse shape spectra. For 5.5-MeV alpha particles, the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector produced ~ 5 times larger pulse heights and the count rate was ~2 times higher compared with those using the LYSO(Ce) fiber detector. For the maximum energy 2.28-MeV beta particles and 0.66-MeV gamma photons, the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector produced no counts, but it yielded small counts from natural alpha particles. Our results confirmed that the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector developed in this study could selectively detect alpha particles and it was insensitive to beta particles and gamma photons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109495
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Alpha particles
  • Beta particles
  • Gamma photons
  • LYSO
  • Optical fiber
  • ZnS(Ag)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation


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