Optimal water concentration for aqueous Li+intercalation in vanadyl phosphate

Dan Sun, Masashi Okubo, Atsuo Yamada*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Development of high-performance aqueous batteries is an important goal for energy sustainability owing to their environmental benignity and low fabrication costs. Although a layered vanadyl phosphate is one of the most-studied host materials for intercalation electrodes with organic electrolytes, little attention has been paid to its use in aqueous Li+systems because of its excessive dissolution in water. Herein, by controlling the water concentration, we demonstrate the stable operation of a layered vanadyl phosphate electrode in an aqueous Li+electrolyte. The combination of experimental analyses and density functional theory calculations reveals that reversible (de)lithiation occurs between dehydrated phases, which can only exist in an optimal water concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4450-4454
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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