Prediction method of crack sensitivity during DC casting of Al-Mn and Al-Mg series aluminum alloys

Makoto Morishita*, Mitsuhiro Abe, Kenji Tokuda, Makoto Yoshida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Since it has been difficult to predict a crack sensitivity depending on alloy composition during aluminum DC casting, a new prediction method based on a relation between calculated solid fraction and temperature was developed concerning Al-Mn and Al-Mg series aluminum alloys. In order to understand that the surface crack is located at ingot surface, two cracking modes were considered. They were due to "difference in strain between water chilling surface and mushy surface (crack mode Z)" and "difference in strain rate between surface and just inner surface (crack mode Y)". It's common knowledge that the material is cracked at high solid fraction region since melt cannot go into a crack gap and ductility is very low. Therefore we assumed the high solid fraction region was from 0.75 to 0.95 (Region II) and set up two indexes which are calculated from temperature difference (ΔT Π) and difference in a temperature drop per unit solid fraction ( ΔRΠ/ΔTΠ) within the Region II. By using the both indexes, which were called "Brittle temperature range" and "Parameter of the strain rate difference" respectively, the crack sensitivities through IX casting experiments were suitably represented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalKeikinzoku/Journal of Japan Institute of Light Metals
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug


  • Alloy composition
  • DC casting
  • Solid fraction
  • Solidification cracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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