Prediction of Chatter Vibration by Means of a Model-Based Cutting Simulation System

M. D. Tsai*, Shozo Takata, M. Inui, F. Kimura, T. Sata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a system for predicting charter vibration in ad milling operation. The system estimates instantaneous cutting force vectors based on geometric models of a workpiece and a tool. The vibration of the tool induced by cutting forces is calculated by using a lumped-parameter model with two degrees of freedom. Considering changes in cutting volume due to tool deflections and regenerative effects, the numerical simulation of dynamic tool movement is conducted to check the occurrence of chatter vibration. To reduce the evaluation time, a simplified stability criterion is introduced to exclude apparently stable conditions. A number of cutting experiments were carried out to verify he effectiveness of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-450
Number of pages4
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Chatter vibration evaluation
  • cutting process simulation
  • solid model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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