Preparation of titania from tetrakis(diethylamino)titanium via hydrolysis

Yoshizumi Ishikawa*, Hideyasu Honda, Yoshiyuki Sugahara

*Corresponding author for this work

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The conversion of tetrakis(diethylamino)titanium (Ti(NEt2)4) into titania via either a combination of hydrolysis (Ti(NEt2)4:THF:H2O = 1:10:x, x = 2, 4, 10) at ambient conditions and calcination (method A) or hydrolysis in a water-tetrahydrofuran (THF) mixture (Ti(NEt2)4:THF:H2O = 1:10:100) at reflux (method B) was investigated. Titanium tertiary butoxide (Ti(OtBu)4) was also used as a substitute for Ti(NEt2)4. The hydrolysis via method A resulted in the formation of amorphous solids containing organics. Thermal analyses showed that the hydrolysis products showed mass losses up to 500°C probably due to the presence of diethylamine (Et2NH) formed via the hydrolysis of Ti(NEt2)4 in the hydrolysis products, while a mass loss of the hydrolysis product from Ti(OtBu)4 was completed up to about 200°C. After calcination at ≥600°C, anatase or a mixture of anatase and rutile was obtained. The crystallization behavior of the hydrolysis products from Ti(NEt2)4 was different from that of the hydrolysis product from Ti(OtBu)4. The hydrolysis via method B gave only an amorphous material from Ti(NEt2)4, while a crystalline titania (anatase and brookite) formed from Ti(OtBu)4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-369
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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