Probabilistic real swarm logical gate

Yuta Nishiyama*, Yukio Pegio Gunji, Andrew Adamatzky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Computation can be implemented by natural entities. We established that a swarm of soldier crabs probabilistically performed basic logical operations through geometrically constrained channels. Two inputs three outputs logical gate G simultaneously performed NOT x AND y, x AND y and x AND NOT y. The logical gate G also could be treated as a logical gate G′ that performed NOT x. Next we proposed a logical gate G″ that performed x OR y. Moreover we illustrated how three fundamental gates could be assembled into circuits. Then we discuss about an integration of gates and a circuit as a relationship between part and wholeness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
ISSN (Print)2213-8684
ISSN (Electronic)2213-8692


  • Biological computing
  • Part and wholeness
  • Soldier crab
  • Swarm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications


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