Protest, counter-protest and organizational diversification of protest groups

Kana Inata*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Whereas protests have been discussed predominantly in terms of collective action issues, achieving coordination does not always guarantee success. Protest groups must also back their demands with sufficient threats. Some assert that threats are enhanced by the mobilization of more resources. Yet this conventional wisdom fails to explain why not all large-scale protests win government concessions or why some protest groups spend resources on their organizational infrastructure even though it will not inflict immediate damage on the government. Formalizing protest in a bargaining model, I show that investing in organizational infrastructure improves the impact of protest groups’ threats by lowering the probability that a counter-protest will offset the impact of the original protest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-456
Number of pages23
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul


  • Counter-protest
  • formal model
  • organizational development
  • protest
  • protest group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations


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