Psychopathological symptoms in two generations of the same family: A cross-cultural comparison

Cecilia A. Essau*, Shin Ichi Ishikawa, Satoko Sasagawa, Kanako Otsui, Hiroshi Sato, Isa Okajima, George A. Georgiou, Jean O'Callaghan, Diane Bray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The main aims of the present study were to compare the frequency and correlates of psychopathological symptoms in two generations of the same family in Japan and in England. Methods: The sample included 689 adolescents and one of their parents/guardians. All participants completed a set of questionnaires to measure psychopathological symptoms, self-construals, and perceived social support. Results: In both parent and adolescent data, the Japanese sample reported significantly lower psychopathological symptoms than the English sample. The relationship between parental and adolescent psychopathology was significant in England, but not in Japan. In both countries, perceived social support and independent self-construal were generally associated with less psychopathological symptoms, and interdependent self-construal was associated with more symptoms. Additionally, in England, a significant interaction effect was found between social support and the self-construals. Participants with low independent and high interdependent self-construal had elevated levels of psychopathological symptoms when perceived social support was low. Conclusions: The present study illustrates the importance of culture in the transmission of psychopathological symptoms across different generations in the same family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2026
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety symptoms
  • Cross-cultural research
  • Psychopathology
  • Self-construals
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Medicine(all)


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