Public policy for telecommunications and broadcasting: Japan and Germany in contrast

Koichiro Agata*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter shows some of the contrasts existing between Germany and Japan in public policy in order to find some hints for such Japanese policies. Public Policy for Telecommunications and Broadcasting, consists of four parts: liberalization of the telecommunications market, dual system of broadcasting, environment for regulation making and perspectives for convergence. In 1995, a partial privatization of the utility was achieved by reorganizing the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom into the Deutsche Telekom AG as a private company, and in 1998 Germany underwent full liberalization of the telecommunications market. A dual system of broadcasting was realized in Japan also in one go in 1953, as for the full liberalization of the telecommunication market in 1985. In contrast to the dual system in Germany, private broadcasters in Japan also have to fulfill universal service provision. The competence for telecommunications policy on the one hand and broadcasting policy on the other was integrated into the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConvergence of Telecommunications and Broadcasting in Japan, United Kingdom and Germany
Subtitle of host publicationTechnological Change, Public Policy and Market Structure
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781136126987
ISBN (Print)070071555X, 9780700715558
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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