QoS analysis for service composition by human and Web services

Donghui Lin, Toru Ishida, Yohei Murakami, Masahiro Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The availability of more and more Web services provides great varieties for users to design service processes. However, there are situations that services or service processes cannot meet users' requirements in functional QoS dimensions (e.g., translation quality in a machine translation service). In those cases, composing Web services and human tasks is expected to be a possible alternative solution. However, analysis of such practical efforts were rarely reported in previous researches, most of which focus on the technology of embedding human tasks in software environments. Therefore, this study aims at analyzing the effects of composing Web services and human activities using a case study in the domain of language service with large scale experiments. From the experiments and analysis, we find out that (1) service implementation variety can be greatly increased by composing Web services and human activities for satisfying users' QoS requirements; (2) functional QoS of a Web service can be significantly improved by inducing human activities with limited cost and execution time provided certain quality of human activities; and (3) multiple QoS attributes of a composite service are affected in different ways with different quality of human activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-769
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Human service
  • Quality of service
  • Service composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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