Quantification of Visual Texture and Presentation of Intermediate Visual Texture by Spatial Mixing

Yuta Yoshimizu, Hiroki Yasuga, Eiji Iwase*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We proposed a method to display an intermediate visual texture by spatial mixing. In addition to color information, the visual texture is an important element that characterizes the nature of an object’s surface. While the system to display various color information has well matured in engineering, there is no method to reproduce visual textures in ambient light. In our method, the matte and glossy surfaces are used as “primary visual textures”, and an intermediate visual texture is displayed by spatially mixing the primary visual textures. In this paper, we first quantified the visual texture of an object's surface based on measured intensities of scattered and reflected lights. Next, based on the quantification, we evaluated spatially mixed surfaces consisting of two primary visual textures, an acrylic plate and a holed sheet of drawing paper, by changing the area proportion of the two primary visual textures. Finally, a sensory evaluation showed significant differences between each intermediate visual texture, and the results corresponded to a trend in the optical evaluation. This study illustrates that visual textures could be quantified based on the intensity of scattered and reflected light and reveals the applicability of our method to the display for intermediate visual texture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number255
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb


  • Intermediate visual texture
  • Spatial mixing
  • Visual texture
  • Visual texture display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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