Quench detection method for cryocooler-cooled YBCO pancake coil for SMES

Hideaki Ohnishi*, Atsushi Ishiyama, Tomonori Watanabe, Naoki Hirano, Shigeo Nagaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we focus on a quench detection method for a cryocooler-cooled double pancake coil wound with an YBCO bundle conductor for superconducting magnetic energy storage. Because the local normal-zone propagation velocity is significantly slower in a high-temperature superconducting coil than that in a low-temperature superconducting coil, it is difficult to detect the local normal transition using a voltage between both coil ends. In the application of an YBCO coil for superconducting magnetic energy storage, quench detection is considered to be more difficult because of the noise of the converter or other equipment. Therefore, the normal transition and quench must be detected using some other method. A current detection method, which measures the current redistribution in the YBCO coil with hall probes, was proposed and verified to be able to determine the normal transition by the numerical simulations in the previous paper. In this study, on the basis of the current detection method, the experiments and numerical simulation were performed on a cryocooler-cooled small model double-pancake coil wound with an YBCO bundle conductor composed of four electrically insulated YBCO tapes. As the results, the current detection method was verified to be effective in detecting the local normal transition; Hall probes were used to measure the magnetic field and to estimate the current in individual YBCO tapes making up the bundle conductor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6381469
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Quench detection
  • YBCO bundle conductor
  • YBCO coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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