Rational solutions to two- and one-dimensional multicomponent Yajima-Oikawa systems

Junchao Chen, Yong Chen*, Bao Feng Feng, Ken Ichi Maruno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)


Exact explicit rational solutions of two- and one-dimensional multicomponent Yajima-Oikawa (YO) systems, which contain multi-short-wave components and single long-wave one, are presented by using the bilinear method. For two-dimensional system, the fundamental rational solution first describes the localized lumps, which have three different patterns: bright, intermediate and dark states. Then, rogue waves can be obtained under certain parameter conditions and their behaviors are also classified to above three patterns with different definition. It is shown that the simplest (fundamental) rogue waves are line localized waves which arise from the constant background with a line profile and then disappear into the constant background again. In particular, two-dimensional intermediate and dark counterparts of rogue wave are found with the different parameter requirements. We demonstrate that multirogue waves describe the interaction of several fundamental rogue waves, in which interesting curvy wave patterns appear in the intermediate times. Different curvy wave patterns form in the interaction of different types fundamental rogue waves. Higher-order rogue waves exhibit the dynamic behaviors that the wave structures start from lump and then retreat back to it, and this transient wave possesses the patterns such as parabolas. Furthermore, different states of higher-order rogue wave result in completely distinguishing lumps and parabolas. Moreover, one-dimensional rogue wave solutions with three states are constructed through the further reduction. Specifically, higher-order rogue wave in one-dimensional case is derived under the parameter constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1510-1519
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Issue number24-25
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 31


  • Bilinear method
  • Multicomponent
  • Rational solution
  • Two-dimensional dark rogue wave
  • Yajima-Oikawa system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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