Relationships among reading skills of adults with low literacy

John P. Sabatini, Yasuyo Sawaki, Jane R. Shore, Hollis S. Scarborough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine the interrelationships among latent factors of the simple view model of reading comprehension (word recognition and language comprehension) and hypothesized additional factors (vocabulary and reading fluency) in a sample of 476 adult learners with low literacy levels. The results provided evidence for reliable distinctions between word recognition, fluency, language comprehension, and vocabulary skills as components of reading. Even so, the data did not support the hypothesis that the simple view needs to be expanded to include vocabulary or fluency factors, as has been posited in a few prior studies of younger and more able readers. Rather, word recognition and language comprehension alone were found to account adequately for variation in reading comprehension in adults with low literacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-138
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Learning Disabilities
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar


  • Adult literacy
  • Reading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Relationships among reading skills of adults with low literacy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this