Repetitions: a cross‐cultural study

Kumiko Murata*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates how one feature of conversational style ‐ repetition ‐ is utilized within the system of turn‐taking cross‐culturally, examining and classifying the immediate repetitions utilized at topic and subtopic boundaries of three different types of interactions: NSE‐NSE (native speakers of British English), NSJ‐NSJ (native speakers of Japanese), and NSE‐JSE (Japanese speakers of English). Five interactional functions of repetition are identified: interruption‐oriented, solidarity, silence‐avoidance, hesitation, and reformulation repetitions. It is noted that the frequency of the use of different types of repetition varies across cultures, some being exclusively confined either to English or Japanese interactions. It is argued that the differences in the use of repetitions are closely related to the differences in the turn‐taking mechanism of English and Japanese interactions and also to the socio‐cultural values attached to their use.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)343-356
    Number of pages14
    JournalWorld Englishes
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Language and Linguistics
    • Anthropology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Linguistics and Language


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