Resolution of distinct rotational substeps by submillisecond kinetic analysis of F1-ATPase

Ryohei Yasuda, Hiroyuki Noji, Masasuke Yoshida, Kazuhiko Kinosita*, Hiroyasu Itoh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

733 Citations (Scopus)


The enzyme F1-ATPase has been shown to be a rotary motor in which the central γ-subunit rotates inside the cylinder made of α3β3 subunits. At low ATP concentrations, the motor rotates in discrete 120° steps, consistent with sequential ATP hydrolysis on the three β-subunits. The mechanism of stepping is unknown. Here we show by high-speed imaging that the 120° step consists of roughly 90° and 30° substeps, each taking only a fraction of a millisecond. ATP binding drives the 90° substep, and the 30° substep is probably driven by release of a hydrolysis product. The two substeps are separated by two reactions of about 1 ms, which together occupy most of the ATP hydrolysis cycle. This scheme probably applies to rotation at full speed (∼130 revolutions per second at saturating ATP) down to occasional stepping at nanomolar ATP concentrations, and supports the binding-change model for ATP synthesis by reverse rotation of F1-ATPase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-904
Number of pages7
Issue number6831
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr 19
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Resolution of distinct rotational substeps by submillisecond kinetic analysis of F1-ATPase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this