Koichi Shimizu*, Akira Ishimaru

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


There has been a strong need for a rapid automated technique to count bacteria in urine. It is demonstrated that the optical scattering pattern analysis for a collection of heterogeneous particles in a tenuous solution can be effectively applied to species identification and concentration estimation for bacteria. The scattering patterns are measured with latex spheres and bacteria (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus). They agree with theoretical calculations using the Mie theory and the Rayleigh-Debye approximation, taking into account size distribution and random orientation. The parameters such as average size, axial ratio, size variation and refractive index are estimated to give a good agreement between theory and measurement. The values of the parameters agree with those in the literature. The scattering pattern is found to be sensitive to the aggregation of scatterers. The parameters obtained from the scattering pattern analysis are used to improve the estimation of bacterial concentrations by turbidimetry. The estimated values agree within a factor of 10 with those obtained by conventional culturing technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1978 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering(all)


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