In the final sintering stage, nano-sized powder frequently forms a pore structure where most pores are surrounded by more than 5 grains. The pore structure is different from that of coarse powder. In this study, the densification behavior of nano-sized powder is modelled and simulated in the final sintering stage. The porous body has the initial size distribution of pores, represented as a Weibull function. The mechanical interaction between pores is analyzed to simulate the evolution of porosity characteristics as well as densification kinetics. The densification rate for the size-distributed pores is lower than that for single-sized ones. The experimental relationship between the densification rate and the porosity could well be reproduced by choosing appropriate pore-size distributions. The simulation also shows that the sintering stress with densification may increase or decrease depending on the size distribution, but is remarkably lower than that for single-sized pores.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the European Ceramic Society
|Published - 2021 Jan
- Densification kinetics: pore-size distribution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry