Simulations of the early postbounce phase of core-collapse supernovae in three-dimensional space with full boltzmann neutrino transport

Wakana Iwakami*, Hirotada Okawa, Hiroki Nagakura, Akira Harada, Shun Furusawa, Kosuke Sumiyoshi, Hideo Matsufuru, Shoichi Yamada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We report on the core-collapse supernova simulation we conducted for a 11.2M⊙ progenitor model in threedimensional space up to 20 ms after bounce, using a radiation-hydrodynamics code with full Boltzmann neutrino transport. We solve the six-dimensional Boltzmann equations for three neutrino species and the three-dimensional compressible Euler equations with Furusawa and Togashi's nuclear equation of state. We focus on the prompt convection at ∼10 ms after bounce and investigate how neutrinos are transported in the convective matter. We apply a new analysis based on the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the Eddington tensor and make a comparison between the Boltzmann transport results and the M1 closure approximation in the transition regime between the optically thick and thin limits. We visualize the eigenvalues and eigenvectors using an ellipsoid, in which each principal axis is parallel to one of the eigenvectors and has a length proportional to the corresponding eigenvalue. This approach enables us to understand the difference between the Eddington tensor derived directly from the Boltzmann simulation and the one given by the M1 prescription from a new perspective. We find that the longest principal axis of the ellipsoid is almost always nearly parallel to the energy flux in the M1 closure approximation, whereas in the Boltzmann simulation it becomes perpendicular in some transition regions, where the mean free path is ∼0.1 times the radius. In three spatial dimensions, the convective motions make it difficult to predict where this happens and to possibly improve the closure relation there.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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