Space–time VMS computational flow analysis with isogeometric discretization and a general-purpose NURBS mesh generation method

Yuto Otoguro, Kenji Takizawa*, Tayfun E. Tezduyar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


The Space–Time Computational Analysis (STCA) with key components that include the ST Variational Multiscale (ST-VMS) method and ST Isogeometric Analysis (ST-IGA) is being increasingly used in fluid mechanics computations with complex geometries. In such computations, the ST-VMS serves as the core method, complemented by the ST-IGA, and sometimes by additional key components, such as the ST Slip Interface (ST-SI) method. To make the ST-IGA use, and in a wider context the IGA use, even more practical in fluid mechanics computations, NURBS volume mesh generation needs to be easier and as automated as possible. To that end, we present a general-purpose NURBS mesh generation method. The method is based on multi-block structured mesh generation with existing techniques, projection of that mesh to a NURBS mesh made of patches that correspond to the blocks, and recovery of the original model surfaces to the extent they are suitable for accurate and robust fluid mechanics computations. It is expected to retain the refinement distribution and element quality of the multi-block structured mesh that we start with. The flexibility of discretization with the general-purpose mesh generation is supplemented with the ST-SI method, which allows, without loss of accuracy, C−1 continuity between NURBS patches and thus removes the matching requirement between the patches. We present a test computation for a turbocharger turbine and exhaust manifold, which demonstrates that the general-purpose mesh generation method proposed makes the IGA use in fluid mechanics computations even more practical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-200
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 24


  • Complex geometry
  • NURBS mesh generation
  • Space–Time VMS method
  • Space–Time isogeometric analysis
  • Space–Time slip interface method
  • Turbocharger turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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