SSDS: A smart software-defined security mechanism for vehicle-to-grid using transfer learning

Shen Wang, Jun Wu*, Shanghua Zhang, Kuan Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, vehicle-to-grid (V2G) is a very important component for smart cities, which provide a novel energy storage and scheduling approach. However, security threats currently disturb the normal operations of V2G. There are two challenges for the security of V2G. On one hand, existing security schemes for V2G just consider the static security strategy, which cannot deal well with the problem of high dynamics and advanced persistent threat in V2G. On the other hand, existing V2G lacks a unified information modeling approach, which results in the difficulties of security and communications. To address above challenges, this paper proposes a smart software-defined security mechanism, SSDS, for V2G using transfer learning and IEC 61850 standards. First, as next generation networking technology, software-defined networking (SDN) is adopted to establish a dynamic security protection architecture for V2G, which can provide dynamic security strategy configuration capability. Second, IEC 61850 is introduced to model SSDS, including SDN controller and OpenFlow switch. Third, transfer learning-based security strategy constructing scheme is proposed for the security strategy updating dynamically. Simulation results in terms of network performance and security strategy constructing verify the efficiency as well as feasibility of the proposed security mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8467301
Pages (from-to)63967-63975
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 17
Externally publishedYes


  • Machine learning
  • Security
  • Software architecture
  • Vehicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'SSDS: A smart software-defined security mechanism for vehicle-to-grid using transfer learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this