TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability of symmetry breaking states in finite-size Dicke model with photon leakage

AU - Imai, R.

AU - Yamanaka, Y.

N1 - Funding Information:
We are grateful to K. Yuasa and Y. Nakamura for valuable discussions. We also thank YITP at Kyoto University and RIKEN iTHES/iTHEMS for offering us the opportunity to discuss this work during the workshops on “Thermal Quantum Field Theories and Their Applications” (2017) (YITP-W-17-11) and “Frontiers of nonequilibrium physics – Particle physics, cosmology, and condensed matter” (2017), respectively. This work is supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. 16K05488.
Funding Information:
We are grateful to K. Yuasa and Y. Nakamura for valuable discussions. We also thank YITP at Kyoto University and RIKEN iTHES/iTHEMS for offering us the opportunity to discuss this work during the workshops on “Thermal Quantum Field Theories and Their Applications” (2017) (YITP-W-17-11) and “Frontiers of nonequilibrium physics – Particle physics, cosmology, and condensed matter” (2017), respectively. This work is supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. 16K05488 .
Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2018/11/23

Y1 - 2018/11/23

N2 - We investigate the finite-size Dicke model with photon leakage. It is shown that the symmetry breaking states, which are characterized by non-vanishing 〈aˆ〉≠0 and correspond to the ground states in the superradiant phase in the thermodynamic limit, are stable, while the eigenstates of the isolated finite-size Dicke Hamiltonian conserve parity symmetry. We introduce and analyze an effective master equation that describes the dynamics of a pair of the symmetry breaking states that are the degenerate lowest energy eigenstates in the superradiant region with photon leakage. It becomes clear that photon leakage is essential to stabilize the symmetry breaking states and to realize the superradiant phase without the thermodynamic limit. Our theoretical analysis provides an alternative interpretation using the finite-size model to explain results from cold atomic experiments showing superradiance with the symmetry breaking in an optical cavity.

AB - We investigate the finite-size Dicke model with photon leakage. It is shown that the symmetry breaking states, which are characterized by non-vanishing 〈aˆ〉≠0 and correspond to the ground states in the superradiant phase in the thermodynamic limit, are stable, while the eigenstates of the isolated finite-size Dicke Hamiltonian conserve parity symmetry. We introduce and analyze an effective master equation that describes the dynamics of a pair of the symmetry breaking states that are the degenerate lowest energy eigenstates in the superradiant region with photon leakage. It becomes clear that photon leakage is essential to stabilize the symmetry breaking states and to realize the superradiant phase without the thermodynamic limit. Our theoretical analysis provides an alternative interpretation using the finite-size model to explain results from cold atomic experiments showing superradiance with the symmetry breaking in an optical cavity.

KW - Decoherence

KW - Dicke model

KW - Open quantum system

KW - Quantum phase transition

KW - Superradiance

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U2 - 10.1016/j.physleta.2018.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.physleta.2018.09.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053011714

SN - 0375-9601

VL - 382

SP - 3333

EP - 3338

JO - Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics

IS - 46

ER -