Stand dynamics and aboveground net primary productivity of a mature subtropical mangrove forest on Ishigaki Island, south-western Japan

Toshiyuki Ohtsuka*, Mitsutoshi Tomotsune, Vilanee Suchewaboripont, Yasuo Iimura, Morimaru Kida, Shinpei Yoshitake, Miyuki Kondo, Kazutoshi Kinjo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


There are insufficient data regarding forest productivity of mature mangroves near the northern limit of mangrove distribution in subtropical East Asia. We conducted the present study to determine the stand dynamics and net primary production (NPP) of a mature mangrove forest on Ishigaki Island in south-western Japan over three successive years, using a large permanent plot. The two mangrove species present were Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Rhizophora stylosa. The aboveground biomass in the plot was high, despite the high latitude (24 29 N) of the site, gradually increasing from 158.4 Mg ha −1 to 164.6 Mg ha −1 over the three-year study period. This increase was attributable to an increase in the biomass of B. gymnorrhiza. The biomass of R. stylosa, however, decreased during the same period because of a threefold-higher mortality rate and a lower relative growth rate of this species compared with B. gymnorrhiza. The mangrove forest was in the late successional stage, following a pioneer R. stylosa forest that was widely distributed throughout the study plot as standing dead trees and logs. The aboveground NPP of the mangrove forest was 10.66 ± 1.46 Mg ha −1 y −1 , partitioned into 3.10 ± 0.51 Mg ha −1 y −1 as woody NPP (net increase in aboveground woody parts, SI), and 7.56 ± 0.99 Mg ha −1 y −1 as foliage NPP (litter production, including foliage and reproductive organs, L n ). The mature mangrove forest had a relatively low SI/L n ratio (0.41 ± 0.03), although litter fall production was within the range previously recorded for mangroves. The lower woody NPP in the mature mangroves was due to the exclusion of R. stylosa once the stand was in a late successional stage dominated by B. gymnorrhiza.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100516
JournalRegional Studies in Marine Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Aboveground biomass
  • Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
  • Fukido River
  • Litter production
  • Rhizophora stylosa
  • Stand increment
  • Woody net primary production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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