Study on the pigments in the cruciform gallery of angkor wat, Cambodia

E. Uchida*, Y. Takubo, K. Toyouchi, J. Miyata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the cruciform gallery of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, red, orange, white and black pigments were widely painted on the surfaces of pillars, walls and friezes. The application sequence of the pigments is different from area to area. The following substances were confirmed from the pigments: hematite (laterite), minium, calcium oxalate hydrates (whewellite and weddellite), Pb-Cl compounds (cotunnite, laurionite and blixite), calcium phosphates (whitlockite), gypsum, hydrocerussite, calcite, anglesite, lead dioxide, azurite and carbon black. The orange pigment (minium) underlies the red pigment (hematite). The former may have been applied at the time of the foundation (the Angkor Wat style period), and the latter in the Bayon style period or later, but mainly before the early 17th century of the current era.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-564
Number of pages16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun


  • Angkor wat
  • Cambodia
  • Cruciform gallery
  • Pigment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology


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