Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis

T. Kajino, W. Aoki, M. K. Cheoun, T. Hayakawa, J. Hidaka, Y. Hirai, G. J. Mathews, K. Nakamura, S. Shibagaki, T. Suzuki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    Core-collapse supernovae eject huge amount of flux of energetic neutrinos. We studied the explosive nucleosynthesis in supernovae and found that several isotopes 7Li, 11B, 92Nb, 138La and 180Ta as well as r-process nuclei are affected by the neutrino interactions. The abundance of these isotopes therefore depends strongly on the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect. We discuss first how to determine the neutrino temperatures in order to explain the observed solar system abundances of these isotopes, combined with Galactic chemical evolution of the light nuclei and the heavy r-process elements. We then study the effects of neutrino oscillation on their abundances, and propose a novel method to determine the still unknown neutrino oscillation parameters, mass hierarchy and θ13, simultaneously. There is recent evidence that SiC X grains from the Murchison meteorite may contain supernova-produced light elements 11B and 7Li encapsulated in the presolar grains. Combining the recent experimental constraints on θ13, we show that our method suggests at a marginal preference for an inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. Finally, we discuss supernova relic neutrinos that may indicate the softness of the equation of state (EoS) of nuclear matter as well as adiabatic conditions of the neutrino oscillation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
    PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
    Number of pages14
    ISBN (Print)9780735412293
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event7th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics - Sicily
    Duration: 2013 Sept 152013 Sept 27


    Other7th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics


    • neutrino
    • nuclear reaction
    • nuclear structure
    • nucleosynthesis
    • supernovae

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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