SuperTIGER instrument abundances of galactic cosmic rays for the charge interval 41⩽Z⩽56

Nathan Elliot Walsh*, Yosui Akaike, Walter Robert Binns, Richard G. Bose, Terri J. Brandt, Dana L. Braun, Nicholas W. Cannady, Paul F. Dowkontt, Thomas Hams, Martin H. Israel, John F. Krizmanic, Allan W. Labrador, Richard A. Mewaldt, John W. Mitchell, Ryan P. Murphy, Georgia A. de Nolfo, Scott Nutter, Martin A. Olevitch, Brian F. Rauch, Kenichi SakaiMakoto Sasaki, Garry E. Simburger, Ed C. Stone, Teresa Tatoli, John Ennis Ward, Mark E. Wiedenbeck, Wolfgang V. Zober

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We report preliminary elemental abundance results from the 55-day long-duration-balloon flight of SuperTIGER (Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder) during the 2012–2013 austral summer. SuperTIGER measured the relative abundances of Galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) nuclei with high statistical precision and well resolved individual element peaks from 10Ne to 40Zr. SuperTIGER also made exploratory measurements of the relative abundances up to 56Ba. Although the statistics are low for elements heavier than 40Zr, we present, for the first time, relative abundance measurements of charges Z=41-56 with individual element resolution. GCR measurements up to 40Zr support a source acceleration model where supernovae in OB associations preferentially accelerate refractory elements that are more readily embedded in interstellar dust grains than volatiles. In addition, injection into the GCR for both refractory and volatile elements appears to follow a charge dependence consistent with their grain sputtering cross sections. By extending the GCR measurement range past 40Zr, we can begin to further constrain these models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov 1


  • Antarctica
  • Binary neutron star merger
  • Galactic cosmic rays
  • Long-duration balloon
  • Supernova

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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