Surite: Its structure and properties

Motoki Uehara*, Atsushi Yamazaki, Sadao Tsutsumi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Surite has been reported to be a mineral that intercalates cerussite-like materials in a smectite interlayer. However, the chemical analysis and infrared absorption spectra indicate that the interlayer material has the composition of Ca0.5OH·2PbCO3. A one-dimensional Fourier synthesis of electron density for acid-treated surite shows that the 2:1 layer of surite has the structure of a general smectite (the distance between the Si plane and the apical O atom plane is about 1.6 Å). Moreover, the one-dimensional Fourier synthesis method showed that the crystal structure of surite is a 2:1 dioctahedral smectite interlayered with basic lead calcium carbonate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-422
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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