Synthesis of spherical aggregates of leaf-like YPO4 particles via hydrolysis of tri-n-butylphosphate

Atsushi Nakata, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Yoshiyuki Sugahara*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spherical aggregates of leaf-like YPO4 particles have been prepared by the reactions of tri-n-butylphosphate [PO(OC4H 9)3, TBP] with the acidic Y(NO3)3 aqueous solution in an autoclave at 180°. The products of the reactions for 1, 3 and 6 h consisted of an intermediate exhibiting an intense X-ray diffraction line at d μ 1.28 nm, while those of reactions for 1248 h were pure YPO4. The products of the reactions for 8 and 8.5 h were mixtures of the intermediate and YPO4. YPO4 formation thus seems to proceed via the formation of the intermediate. Since the intermediate seems to be Y[PO2(OC4H9)2]3, it is likely that TBP was hydrolyzed to form PO2(OC4H 9)2- ions, which then reacted with Y3+ ions to form the solid intermediate, Y[PO2(OC4H9) 2]3. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the corresponding morphological change from the belt-like products to spherical aggregates of leaflike particles, indicating that the solid intermediate Y[PO2(OC4H9)2]3 was hydrolyzed to form leaf-like YPO4 particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-206
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1401
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Hydrolysis
  • Morphology
  • Tri-n-butylphosphate
  • Yttrium phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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