Synthetic Control of Photophysical Process and Circularly Polarized Luminescence of [5]Carbohelicene Derivatives Substituted by Maleimide Units

Hayato Sakai, Takako Kubota, Junpei Yuasa, Yasuyuki Araki*, Tomo Sakanoue, Taishi Takenobu, Takehiko Wada, Tsuyoshi Kawai, Taku Hasobe

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    60 Citations (Scopus)


    A series of [5]carbohelicene derivatives substituted by electron-withdrawing maleimide and electron-donating methoxy, such as maleimide-substituted [5]carbohelicene (HeliIm) and methoxy-substituted HeliIm (MeO-HeliIm), were newly designed and synthesized to examine the electrochemical properties, excited-state dynamic and circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). First, electrochemical measurements and DFT calculations of [5]carbohelicene derivatives were performed by comparing with the structural isomers: picene derivatives. Introduction of an electron-withdrawing maleimide group onto a [5]carbohelicene core contributes to the stabilized LUMO state in HeliIm as compared to that of [5]carbohelicene (Heli), whereas the energy level of HOMO state in MeO-HeliIm increases by introducing electron-donating methoxy (MeO) groups onto a HeliIm skeleton. The HOMO-LUMO gap of MeO-HeliIm is smaller than those of HeliIm and Heli, which is similar to the steady-state spectroscopic measurements. The absolute fluorescence quantum yield (ΦFL) of HeliIm (0.37) largely increased as compared to [5]carbohelicene, Heli (0.04), whereas ΦFL of MeO-HeliIm (0.22) was slightly smaller than that of HeliIm. Theses photophysical processes including intersystem crossing are successfully explained by the kinetic discussions. Since [5]carbohelicene derivatives show the chirality, measurements of circular dichroism (CD) and circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) were successfully performed. In particular, HeliIm and MeO-HeliIm have provide excellent circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) and the values of the anisotropy factor glum were estimated to be ∼2.4 × 10-3 and ∼2.3 × 10-3, relatively. This is the first observation of CPL in [5]carbohelicene derivatives.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7860-7869
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Issue number14
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 21

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • General Energy


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