Temporal effect of muscle contraction on respiratory sinus arrhythmia

Y. Nakamura*, N. Hayashi, I. Muraoka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this investigation was to compare the heart rate variability at respiratory frequency (HRV(RF)) in muscle contractions during the inspiratory phase with that during the expiratory phase. Eight volunteers performed pedaling on a cycle ergometer, twice a cycle of respiration (4 sec) against a load of 0.25 Nm/kg BW, of which the timing was adjusted to twice during the inspiration phase (I), once during the expiration, once during the inspiration (El), or twice during the expiration phase (E). Spectral analysis was applied to the R-R intervals of each condition. The amplitude of HRV(RF) in E was less than half of I (9 ± 2 msec versus 23 ± 2 msec). The results indicate that the timing of muscle contraction can affect the heart rate variability even at the frequency band of respiration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-270
Number of pages3
JournalMethods of Information in Medicine
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Heart Rate Variability
  • Parasympathetic Nervous Activity
  • Respiratory Phase
  • Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Health Information Management


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