We introduce a variational principle for field theories, referred to as the Hamilton-Pontryagin principlewe show that the resulting field equations are the Euler-Lagrange equations in implicit form. Second, we introduce multi-Dirac structures as a graded analog of standard Dirac structureswe show that the graph of a multisymplectic form determines a multi-Dirac structure. We then discuss the role of multi-Dirac structures in field theory by showing that the implicit Euler-Lagrange equations for fields obtained from the Hamilton-Pontryagin principle can be described intrinsically using multi-Dirac structures. Finally, we show a number of illustrative examples, including time-dependent mechanics, nonlinear scalar fields, Maxwell's equationselastostatics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics