The relevance of the collaborative effect in determining the performances of photorefractive polymer materials

Rocco Angelone*, Francesco Ciardelli, Arturo Colligiani, Francesco Greco, Paolo Masi, Annalisa Romano, Giacomo Ruggeri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A derivative of 2-methylindole, 3-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethenyl]-1-allyl-2-methylindole, NPEMI-A, is studied for its photoconduc-tivity and photorefractivity behaviour. Its blends with the organic polymer poly-(2,3-dimethyl-N-vinylindole), PVDMI, are also investigated. Due to the expected and devised mutual solubility of the two components of the blends, it is possible to carry out measurements with the weight percent of the chromophore NPEMI-A changing from zero to 100. Films were produced by a squeezing process between two ITO-covered glass sheets. No opacity phenomena, that are so common for many other organic blends due to the segregation of the dissolved chromophore, are observed. The photorefractive optical gain Γ 2 is obtained as a function of the chromophore content. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements (DSC) are also carried out to obtain the whole change of the glass transition temperature T g as a function of the amount of chromophore contained in the blends. From the experimental trend of T g a meaningful quantitative estimate of the value of the electrostatic interactions acting in the studied blends, is obtaind. The importance of the value of T g, and of the electrostatic interactions, in determining the extent of the photorefractivity is clearly evident. The results are compared for NPEMI-A (Γ 2 = 210 cm 1) and for NPEMI-E (Γ 2 ≈ 2000 cm 1) that has a N-2-ethylhexyl group instead of a N-allyl group. The Pockels and Kerr contributions and-for the first time-a "collaborative effect" of the photorefractivity of NPEMI-A are distinguished and quantitatively evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-465
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Collaborative contribution
  • Molecular devices
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Photorefractive organic materials
  • Supramolecular chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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