The robot musician 'wabot-2' (waseda robot-2)

Ichiro Kato*, Sadamu Ohteru, Katsuhiko Shirai, Toshiaki Matsushima, Seinosuke Narita, Shigeki Sugano, Tetsunori Kobayashi, Eizo Fujisawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


The wabot-2 is an anthropomorphic robot playing keyboard instruments, developed by the study group of Waseda University's Science and Engineering Department. The wabot-2 is equipped with hands tapping softly on keys, with legs handling bass keys and expression pedal, with eyes reading a score, and with a mouth and ears to converse with humans. Based on wabot-2, wasubot has been developed by Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd., whose artistic skill has been demonstrated in performing music at the Japanese Government Pavillion in Expo'85. The present paper summarizes the wabot-2's motion, visual and vocal subsystems as well as its supervisory system and singing voice-tracking subsystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-155
Number of pages13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1987 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Anthropomorphic robot
  • Autonomous robot
  • Dexterity
  • High speed image processing
  • Multiple Degrees of Freedom
  • Speech recognition
  • Speech synthesis
  • ccd camera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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