The South Pole-Aitken basin region, Moon: GIS-based geologic investigation using Kaguya elemental information

Kyeong Ja Kim*, James M. Dohm, Jean Pierre Williams, Javier Ruiz, Trent M. Hare, Nobuyuki Hasebe, Yuzuru Karouji, Shingo Kobayashi, Makoto Hareyama, Eido Shibamura, Masanori Kobayashi, Claude D'Uston, Olivier Gasnault, Olivier Forni, Sylvestre Maurice

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), we performed comparative analysis among stratigraphic information and the Kaguya (SELENE) GRS data of the ∼2500-km-diameter South Pole-Aitken (SPA) basin and its surroundings. Results indicate that the surface rock materials (including ancient crater materials, mare basalts, and possible SPA impact melt) are average to slightly elevated in K and Th with respect to the rest of the Moon. Also, this study demonstrates that K and Th have not significantly changed since the formation of SPA. The elemental signatures of the impact basin of Fe, Ti, Si, O through time include evidence for resurfacing by ejecta materials and late-stage volcanism. The oldest surfaces of SPA are found to be oxygen-depleted during the heavy bombardment period relative to later stages of geologic development, followed by both an increase in silicon and oxygen, possibly due to ejecta sourced from outside of SPA, and subsequent modification due to mare basaltic volcanism, which increased iron and titanium within SPA. The influence of the distinct geologic history of SPA and surroundings on the mineralogic and elemental abundances is evident as shown in our investigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1629-1637
    Number of pages9
    JournalAdvances in Space Research
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 15


    • Elemental maps
    • Gamma-Ray Spectrometer
    • Impact
    • Kaguya (SELENE)
    • South Pole-Aitken basin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aerospace Engineering
    • Space and Planetary Science


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